Who is Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu?


Lord Chaitanya Arrives for Bhu Loka’s Welfare

It so happened that when Kaliyuga was about to appear in Bhuloka, Sri Narada Muni was worried for the residents of the planet Earth. He was worried that Kaliyuga would have a debilitating effect on the residents of Earth. It was a serious concern for Mahar, Jana, Tapa, Brahma Loka, and Sri Narada.


So, on behalf of all the transcendental rishis, Narada Muni appeared in front of Lord Krishna in the highest transcendental abode of Goloka. To this, the Lord smiled and took a golden yellow form with long hands extending below his knees and revealed Himself as the most munificent Avatar, an avatar of Sri Krishna Himself as Gauranga Mahaprabhu or Sriman Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.

Lord Chaitanya is Prema Swarupa


Sri Narada was wonder-struck with awe and reverence because he had now witnessed a matchless form of Sri Krishna. The form emanated the sweetest honey of Prema from every organ of the transcendental body of Bhagawan. Sri Narada Muni, in tears, was now relieved and walked away with a sense of satisfaction with the words Narayana Narayana. He believed that this unprecedented Avatar known as Gauranga could salvage the whole of Kaliyuga into the Abode of pure Prema. That was his conviction.

To be Fortunate to Write About Lord Gauranga

By the grace of Lord Chaitanya, I am penning down this video/post on Lord His appearance day, celebrated during the Holi Festival. The world knows this auspicious day as Gaur Poornima. It is not a coincidence that I wrote this article on a day that will witness a Lunar Eclipse when Lord Chaitanya appeared.

Lord Chaitanya also appeared on Poornima day when there was a lunar eclipse. I am blessed to be penning down my thoughts on Lord Chaitanya on this special day. Devotees of the highest order call Lord Gauranga Mahaprabhu the Prema Avatar, the ripe fruit of the transcendental intimacy of Sri Sri Radha Krishna.

8 Questions from Sanatana Dharma

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What is Prema Bhakti?


Prema means complete attachment to Bhagawan and His pure devotees to the exclusion of all other beings. Such disposition we only find in the glorious disciplic succession of Sriman Mahaprabhus’s transcendental associates. There are three additional reasons for the appearance of Lord Chaitanya in this age of Kali. We shall discuss those in brief for the pleasure of Lord Gauranga.

Reason 1 for Lord Chaitanya’s Appearance

It so happened in the transcendental Abode of Goloka that Sri Krishna was in a state of transcendental confusion about the elevated mood of Srimati Radharani. Whenever Srimati Radharani received Lord Krishna during their pastime meetings, she would bounce in happiness without the ability to control her emotions.


She would burst into Mahabhava, a state beyond our wild imagination. Her emotions would include Sthamba: Stupefaction while standing still, Sveda: Sweating, Romaanch: Goosebumps, Swarabheda: Voice break while stuttering, Vepathu: Trembling, Vaivarnya: Paleness, Ashru: Tears, Pralaya: Swoon. Mind you, these are not ordinary material emotions we undergo on this planet, but these are transcendental states expressed in words manifest only in the eternal abode.

Even Sri Krishna felt very happy to see Srimati Radha Rani but would wonder why He could not enjoy those elevated emotions that Srimati Radharani could taste. So once, he inquired with Srimati Radhika about the secret of her exalted state of joy. To this, Srimati Radhika replied, “You are Sri Krishna. You would only understand if you had my heart to taste my emotions.”

So Lord Krishna prayed to Srimati Radhika to lend Her heart to Him so he could adorn Her divine emotions. Srimati Radhika replied, “Praannath, you shall not be able to bear these outbursts of emotions and shall keep falling on the ground again and again when the volcano of divine Love exudes from your body. So,I grant you my golden complexion. That shall protect you from bruises.”


Hence, Lord Krishna appeared as Lord Gauranga with Srimati Radhika’s golden yellow complexion and Her heart. So Lord Gauranga forgot that He was Sri Krishna Himself and instead came in search of the divine form of Sri Krishna on the earthly plane. He continuously chanted, “He Krishna, He Krishna’’ Sriman Mahaprabhu had the heart of Srimati Radhika. He was soaked in devotional mellow all the time.

Reason 2 for Lord Chaitanya’s Appearance

The second reason for Sriman Mahaprabhu’s appearance was to enjoy the sweetness of Love for Sri Krishna that is only known to Srimati Radhika in the entire creation.

Reason 3 for Lord Chaitanya’s Appearance

The third reason for Lord Chaitanya to appear is an external reason for the benefit of all. That is for the spread of the Hare Krishna Mahamantra. The mantra is Hare Krishna Hare Krishna Krishna Krishna Hare Hare Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare. The Gaudiya Vaishnavas are followers of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the direct incarnation of Sri Krishna with the heart of Srimati Radhika.

Who is Lord Nityananda?

Another important incarnation of the Lord is Sri Nityananda Rama, also known as Nityananda Prabhu. He is the spiritual elder brother of Lord Chaitanya. Without the mention of Nitai, the pastimes of Lord Gauranga are incomplete in every sense.

Lord Nityananda is the eternal servitor of Lord Chaitanya because He is Lord Ananta Shesha of the Land of Svetadvipa. Sri Nityanand Prabhu and Lord Gauranga Mahaprabhu popularized Hari nama Sankirtana in the stretch of Gauda Desha.


This region extends from Bengal to the upper Northern areas of Uttar Pradesh. Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was born in the holy eternal land of Mayapur, near Nabadwip. Nabadwip and Mayapur are not different from the land of Mathura and Vrindavan Dham.

Sri Nityananda Prabhu was born in Ekachakra Dham in West Bengal, where the Pandavas spent some of their time in exile in Ekachakra Dham.Later, we shall discuss the life of the two brothers, Sri Gauranga and Sri Nityananda Prabhu.